What is Title I?

Title 1 is the largest federally funded education program in the United States.  Authorized by Congress, it provides supplemental funds to school districts to assist eligible public and private schools with the highest student concentration of poverty to meet school educational goals.

How do we use Title I funds in GCS?

The purpose of Title I in Goshen Community Schools is to assist schools in improving student achievement, staff development and parental involvement. All Goshen Community Schools receiving Title I funds are district schools operating as School wide Programs. Schools utilize Title I funds to enhance the regular district instructional program. Our Title I schools use these supplemental funds to:

  • add highly qualified staff,
  • support parent and community involvement efforts,
  • improve staff development,
  • purchase additional instructional materials and supplies,
  • add technology and needed equipment.

Title I Historical Time Line


Title I is the largest program of federal funding in education, signed into law in 1965 by President Lyndon Johnson. President Johnson recognized the extremely difficult problem that children throughout the country were having with their reading, and mathematics. In an effort to help them catch up, extra attention, materials and teachers were provided by the Elementary Secondary Education act, Title I (ESEA).


President Ronald Reagan formed the Education Consolidation Improvement Act, Chapter I Basic (ECIA).


ECIA, Chapter I Basic program became the Hawkins-Stafford Elementary and Secondary School Improvement Act of 1988.


Congress passed a series of educational legislation, submitted by President Bill Clinton, strengthening the parent-school community partnerships.

July 1, 1995

After reauthorization, the program is now Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA).

December, 2001

President Bush signed into law the “No Child Left Behind Act” (NCLB).

  • The Title I law requires the meaningful involvement of parents in school level planning, development and design of initiatives to improve student achievement supported by Title I funds.